Lake Victoria - Africa's Largest Lake

Everything about Lake Victoria makes its peculiar and special. From being the largest lake in Africa, World’s largest tropical lake with about 700,000 square kilometres and the 2nd largest fresh water in the lake (after Lake Superior in North America). Interestingly, the lake lies in three countries, Tanzania, Uganda and Kenya; though a large majority of the lake is controlled by Uganda.
The first information ever recorded about Lake Victoria comes from Arab traders who were navigating the inland routes in search of ivory, gold, other special commodities and even slaves; the Arabs called this place Ukerewe.
The lake was later named in honour of Queen Victoria of England by the foreign explorer John Hanning Speke in 1858, he named the lake while on expedition with Richard Francis Burton while trying to find the source of the Nile River. This makes the lake an important tourist centre and it remains one of the top 10 tourist places in Uganda.
Lake Victoria which is also called Victoria Nyanza is also a chief reservoir of the Nile, the lake is irregularly quadrilateral in shape with deeply indented shores with a coastline that exceeds over 2,000 miles. The water from the lake moves in a natural manner as it fills a shallow depression in the centre of the great plateau which also stretches between the Eastern and Western Rift Valleys.
Most of the water from Lake Victoria is gotten mainly from direct rainfall but the lake also receives water from over a thousand small streams, the Kagera River is the largest river that flows into this lake being located on the lake’s western shore. However, Lake Victoria is drained only by the Nile River at the Northern shore of the lake making Lake Victoria the largest source of water for the Nile River.
Based on geological facts, Lake Victoria is only about 400,000 years old and it was created when westward-flowing rivers were forcefully hindered by an upthrown crustal block. Geologists affirm that Lake Victoria went through many stages before it became what it is. The lake dried up totally on three different occasions due to past ice ages which caused a shallow depression before emanating into such a natural beauty that many global tourists adore.
The lake also serves as means of transportation with the establishment of Lake Victoria ferries since the 1900s. These ferries are used to get to the 3 countries where the lake lies, Uganda, Tanzania & Kenya. Major transportation ports on the lake are Mwanza, Jinja, Port Bell, Kisumu, Bukoba, and Entebbe.
At the North-western corner of the lake, there 62 islands of the Sese archipelago which are of immense beauty. Ukerewe which lies on the lake’s Southeaster corner is the largest island on the lake having wooded hills that rise to about 200 metres above the lake. In addition to that, Lake Victoria also has an embodiment of native wildlife in its regions.
The Hippopotamus, Nile crocodiles, various kinds of turtles, the African clawless otter, marsh mongoose, reedbucks, fresh water crabs and diverse fishery (Lake Victoria was reported to support Africa’s largest fishery in 1997)
Tourists come in their large numbers to Uganda just to visit Lake Victoria, you should go there too and you’re going to have a swell time.
P.S: Pictures are not ours unless stated.

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